Nausharo

FROM THE LATE CHALCOLITHIC/EARLY BRONZE AGE (3100-2500 BC)TO THE INDUS CIVILIZATION (2500-1900 BC) The site of Nausharo is located 6 km south of Mehrgarh in the Kachi-Bolan region (Balochistan). Remains of the Late Chalcolithic/Early Bronze Age period (Nausharo period I) similar to those of Mehrgarh VI-VII (3100-2600) were found in the northern part of the mound.
They included well-preserved mudbrick houses and structures associated with a rich material assemblage. In period IB-IC (2900-2600 BC) rooms, dozens of complete ceramic pots, stylistically very diversifi ed, were discovered along with seals, human fi gurines, potter’s tools and ceramic wastes. Th e fi nal stage of period I (period ID) at Nausharo, dated between 2600 and 2500 BC, brought to light signifi cant evidences for understanding the setting of the Indus Civilization The excavated remains from Nausharo periods II and III (2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC) show the features of a classical Indus Civilization site with a planned architecture associated with drains and sanitary installations. Th e pottery has evidenced a stylistic and technological evolution similar to those of other Indus sites in the Greater Indus Valley. Besides pottery, all the other artefacts (seals, fi gurines and other objects) are typical of the Indus civilization. In period IV (2100-1900 BC), the material assemblage of Nausharo also includes some features characteristic of the Oxus Civilization which has developed in Central Asia (Margiana, Bactria) between 2200 et 1800 BC. Artefacts characteristic of the Oxus civilization were also discovered, mainly in graves, at Mehrgarh VIII, Sibri, Dauda Damb and at Quetta